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10/21/13
Trends in Technical Careers. 10. Non-destructive and Super-resolution imaging, Hyperhalogens
Filed under: Legal matters, Observ. Trends, Alternate Career Paths
Posted by: site admin @ 5:08 pm

For many decades, with so many scientists working in many
fields, some have observed what else is there to learn?  What
are the forefront areas of new and useful science?  That is
what our future needs to know, to figure out where our careers
might go.

This is the tenth contribution in this topic area.  Previous ones
include:
- VISION 2025 Circles of Chemistry
- Photonics careers and overlap with chemistry, materials
- Instrumentation, microsurgery, diagnoses and therapies for
orphan diseases

- light weight metals and display technology materials
- sustainable chemistry of the future
- dealing with super-bugs and pan-resistance of diseases
- discovery informatics
- meso-facts

This entry brings up non-destructive sensing and resolution
in the terahertz range
, super-resolution microscopy at lengths
shorter than the wavelength of light
, and more electronegative
species
than halogens.  All of these seemed unpredictable thirty
years ago.

TERAHERTZ SENSING AND TECHNOLOGIES
Between electronics and optics is the sub-millimeter region
that is attractive to medical applications and other fields due
to new transistors and “negative index materials.”  Popular
literature
suggests being able to detect illegal materials
selectively through normal clothing.  Several research centers have
focused work on full systems and various specific aspects
like CMDITR.  (SPIE Conferences, as well.)

SUPER-RESOLUTION MICROSCOPY
3-D distributions of proteins and lipids in living cells
noninvasively down to a resolution of tens of nanometers
results from a technique invented by Stefan Hall and developed
by Leica
.
Many of these methods are standard in biological laboratories.
The method is based on “feature separation,” where nanosized
features can be singled out if other features are de-selected. 
The diffraction limit of light no longer restricts the resolving
power of a microscope.  Interestingly the 1994 work patented
about that time, runs out of patent protection shortly. 

HYPERHALOGEN CHEMISTRY WITH HIGH ELECTRON
AFFINITY
A species with higher EA than fluorine. reported by P. Jena
that could be superoxidizers
for fuels and hydrogen storage.
The work was conceived based on theoretical predictions.

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