This entry is about mentoring.
While no one has all the answers. No human can realize all the
history, interactions and subtleties around human situations. Yet,
there can be real benefit if we develop mentoring relationships.
In fact, there is a site that displays a number of well-known
people and the individuals who were their mentors.
Not only are recent graduates and post-docs “in the hunt” for
their next position, people in positions are asking how should
I position myself for being available for being considered for
my next position.
What should I do? they all ask their mentors. Consider:
Ideas (what is going on in parallel fields),
information (how do I express myself and get feedback),
interviews (what are the emerging trends for making ourselves
INTERNATIONAL SURVEY OF CAREER PATHS - SPIE
SPIE reported a telling snapshot of its membership’s typical
workweek, job satisfaction, mobility, how they define success
What was telling about this article is the international nature of
the survey and the added cultural dimension overlaid on the photonics
industry. The remarkable feature that this adds is offering a study
in a parallel field that may hint at similarities and differences that
are not “teased out” from ACS reports.
TAKE TIME TO MEET WITH MENTORS; TAKE TIME TO
UPDATE THEM; OFFER TO HELP
Despite all the advances in technology, in-person, face-to-face
meetings sets the “gold standard” for communication. It is enhanced
by technological follow-ups. In the last week, I have interacted with
dozens of people. Each of the interactions were spurred by
making connections with individuals in face-to-face encounters.
This is a masterful “wise skill” to develop.
Ask for feedback, learn new insights, find out what is important to
ECONOMIST UPDATES PROFESSIONAL ONLINE NETWORKS
Did you know that recruiters are Linkedin’s main revenue stream?
Led by its “talent solutions” segment it pinpoints, as long as we
include the pertinent details in our profile, and keep it up, formal
academic background, experience breadth and depth, broad skill
strengths, affiliations in organizations and participation in some
groups. (If you have not gotten feedback on your profile, ask
your mentor for feedback where you wish your career’s future
In the same issue Linkedin’s competitors in France and China
(viadeo) and Germany (xing) are delineated in economics terms.
These are becoming the new exchanges for screening interviews.
Thus, having relevant up-to-date profiles using keywords that
recruiters seek is paramount.
Each year it seems another technical topic is celebrated
Chemistry, crystallography, statistics,… 2015 it is LIGHT.
We bring the topic up in our professional development
class and learn things along the way.
An innovative idea of light sheets used in microscopy of
biological samples is highlighted.
While a hundred pages are still to be digested, it is
important to bring up conflicts that occur, how
they are represented and their outcomes in a must
read book called Merchants of Doubt.
2015 YEAR OF LIGHT AND LIGHT TECHNOLOGIES
SOURCE: IYOL Blog
The scientific sponsors include European Physical Society,
SPIE, Optical society, IEEE Photonics Society, American
Physical Society and international light sources network.
Many of the discoveries concerning coherent and incoherent
light will enjoy commemorations and the celebration will be
an educational opportunity.
LIGHT SHEET MICROSCOPE
SOURCE O. Hanrahan, Photonics, July/August 2014, p. 20
Light Sheet Microscopy LSM advances biological studies
The author compares and contrasts LSM with confocal
microscopy with lower phototoxicity and higher speed.
Scattering and absorption are larger issues.
LSM can optically section samples, be minimally invasive
by using two objective lenses (focus the light sheet
and collect fluorescence emission), a digital camera
and 3-D image display. Speed, sample handling and
cost of total system will lower with time as this
method will find its place.
MERCHANTS OF DOUBT
SOURCE: N. Oreskes and E. M. Conway, “Merchants of
Doubt,” Bloomsbury Press NY, 2010
“How a handful of scientists obscured the truth on
issues from tobacco smoke to global warming.”
This is scintillating reading describes how a small
group of prominent individuals create smokescreens
to block and obfuscate issues which have impact
on commercial and big businesses. I read just this morning
an op-ed piece about how EPA rules should not be allowed
because it will raise costs. As we realize, this can, properly
communicated and used, motivate innovation.
The book documents the 50+ year history of conflicts
of business interests with scientific results and conclusions–
from tobacco-cancer, second-hand smoke-illnesses,
pesticides-Silent spring, acid rain-acidification of
waterways, coal burning-air pollution, global warming-
The “debates” were manufactured, the authors claim, based
on PR misdirection and ‘alternate reality’ views. Interesting
commentary by one of the sources to escape the public
attention to previous public positions. These approaches
are legalistic possibilities, and in legal terms, do not have to
be true, but only plausible.
It is in the news daily. The corporate M&A moves
by a number of large firms to avoid 35% US
corporate tax rate is poignantly described in an Economist
cartoon . A link offers caution to investors about
consequences of the inversion.
We had a seminar about ‘Mission statements, goals,
objectives and development plans’ a couple of weeks back.
A recently uncovered blog offers positive insight into
tactics for individuals just starting to develop personal
We have mentioned one of the curious areas of research
is in dealing with antibiotic-resistant microbes. A link
provides untold stories of how important our microbiome is.
Our micrbiome is the complex system of bacteria that live
in on and around each one of us.
TAX CONSEQUENCES OF INVERSIONS
SOURCE L. Saunder,
WSJ, August 2, 2014, p. B1
“How to Ease the Tax Hit from an inversion“
There are a series of unintended consequences from mergers
like AbbVie-Shire and Medtronic-Covidien. Ms. Saunders
writes inversions will be unwelcome for long-term investors
who were planning to hold their shares for estate planning
Some shareholders in firms that do inversions will
owe taxes they would never have had to pay. Tax advisors
indicate that stock in taxable accounts should be evaluated
with careful planning and investors be prepared to act.
Three common tactics in the short term are discussed.
CAREER MISSION STATEMENT
SOURCE: Catherine Rains, Writing a career mission statement,
Using your results from MBTI and Strong indicator tests, she
suggest how you can fashion your own mission statement at
an early career point.
This is when each of us are most uncertain.
I found this most thoughtful and engaging.
MISSING MICROBES – BLASER’S BOOK
SOURCE: M. J. Blaser,
“Missing Microbes: How the overuse
Of antibiotics is fueling our modern plagues, Henry Holt and
Company, NY, 2014
Your body is composed of an estimated 30 trillion cells,
but is host to more than 100 trillion bacterial and fungal
cells. Thus, 70 to 90 % of all cells are nonhuman. They
reside on every inch of our skill and in all organs.
Most of the time doctors have no idea if a patient’s illness
is caused by virus or bacteria.
Doctors have very good reason to reflexively prescribe
antibiotics for many upper respiratory tract infections–
fear of rheumatic fever. Untreated strep can cross react with
a child’s heart muscle, joints, skin and brain…
Doctors prescribe antibiotics for strep to ward off rheumatic
fever. While the body’s natural defenses might treat the
illness, people inevitably think that the antibiotic had made
them well. A situation where correlations does not mean
cause and effect.
Young adults in US between 20 and 30 receive 30
courses of antibiotics before the age of 40. Many of the
young women will be mothers and the antibiotics may affect
the next generation. implications of this course of action
may effect obesity, asthma, cancers, GERD, CRE.
Very powerful reading for biotech and pharma workers and
This tool is constructed to list pros-cons, questions-
answers, requirements-fulfillment, and professional development
plans-how you meet or satisfy.
Commonly, we use T-chart format with bullets in a cover
letter to industrial and business concerns to display
quickly and efficiently the job requirements from a job
description, in column A, and how we satisfy them, in column
B– directly across the page from one another.
The T-chart can also be used to prepare for interviews by
listing typical questions, in column A, and key features to your
responses, in column B.
I have seen it being used to take notes from an informational
interview where you can list your questions, column A, and the
response from a knowledgeable person in column B.
In fact, you can use this tool to organize and capture
information from an interview by listing your questions
in column A and the interviewer’s responses in column B.
An example of using T-charts for managing careers is
given in career thought leader’s blog.
Several entries of this blog link to Alan Sklover’s blog,
“Sklover’s Working Wisdom” for it contains both ’state
of the art’ information and suggestions, as well as a
professional legal resources for more personal issues.
Legal and ethical topics previously identified include:
Important considerations in offer letter
Checklist when starting a job
“In the meantime” clause in Employment contracts
Noncompete agreements and subpoenas
Unemployment compensation considerations
Each of the above items are widely useful contributions.
More narrowly applicable items he has discussed are:
1. After a complaint, your employer’s and your responsibilities
(Use of affidavit)
2. Legal issues of recording conversations
3. How to respond to question of managing people
4. The phrasing and meaning of “term of appointment” in an
Keep Sklover on your radar screen in your “bookmarks.”
Over the last few years in graduate student self-assessments, one
of the leading values that they express is for Security. In a sense,
we can all relate to the desire for a secure future.
Interestingly, very recently an accomplished scientist who was hired
by a drug discovery company CEO was publicly fired
(ie. story in the WSJ) for not rapidly leading his team to develop
new profitable products.
He had been there but 7 months…
Security needs “a 21st century meaning in technical careers.”
It is the ability to look where fields and needs are moving and
proactively seek out skills preparing us to contribute and
have further development plans.
Desperation, exasperation, and despair appear in the eyes of many
STEM field graduates about what they will do for STEM JOBS. It is
more about “minding the gap” between what is taught and practiced
in your education and training and what is needed in emerging and
growing fields. Just as the great hockey player Wayne Gretzky
said ‘pay attention to where the puck is going to be, not where it
What societies do you belong to? What local sections do you
actively participate in? How do you decide? What is offered and
WIIFM (what is in it for me)? Just as the Internet has triggered
changes in marketing and sales of books, consumer items, and all manner
of knowledge sharing (MOOCS, weblogs, webinars) it is also changing
the playing field for technical societies.
SECURITY IS THE VALUE OF APPLYING YOUR STRENGTHS
FOR EVOLVING DEMANDS AND PROACTIVELY WORKING
ON PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS GETTING US READY.
SOURCE: Career Planning Career Mapping Tool MONSTER
Monster has put forward a forward seeking tool that might
be of value to your thinking process about managing your
However, leaving this on a computer or in a cloud file
while seeming to be current misses the urgency humans place
in face-to-face interactions.
Plan to develop mentors, sponsors and referrals by working hard
to help others meet their goals. Lou Adler offered salient advice
- get help in being a “perfect fit” for an opening.
- people who refer you for an opening, help themselves by helping
- know what recruiters seek when filling a position (they work for
the company), and give examples in your resume and relate stories
when you interview
Security is also about protecting your valuable information,
reputation and computer resources. In a podcast I recently listened
to I became convinced to explore ‘Krebs on Security.‘
- security tools
STEM JOBS: SHORTAGE OF JOBS or SHORTAGE OF SKILLED
We need to “keep up with the times.” If my university is not dedicated
to doing it, I need to find other avenues. If my employer does not have
the funds or give me the time to do it, I have to find other avenues.
We must keep abreast of evolving needs of employers.
EXAMPLE: 25 years ago only a few places sought HTML coders.
Ten years later, your entry card was punched with HTML experience.
HTML is less a key but a commodity today. Jobs can be had with a
lower salary or for niche hiring (projects).
Other experience with cloud computing and analytics seems a better path.
There is a “gap” between curves of skill level in what we learn and
what is needed in positions. Peter Grey points out to independently
learn and gain experience in emerging technologies and critical ‘hard
skills’. Gain experience and meet goals in new areas of challenge
instead of repeating previous career path efforts. Learn from and keep
peers in your network.
Further reading from a recruiter about STEM jobs.
TRENDS IN TECHNICAL SOCIETIES
The debate goes on: Is it worthwhile to belong to a technical
The presence of the Internet and online Open Access Technical literature
might influence some segments of the professional population.
The need shifts depending upon the fields that you are involved,
your current and future needs, and your personal assessment and
how you would use the society for your advantage (WIIFM).
Some questions to help you decide about society membership:
Are you stuck where you are with little or no help out? (connections,
networking, sense for where field is moving and what is emerging,
access to leaders and hiring managers, finding solutions to problems,
finding resources and tools to solve problems)
Do you have mentors to ask about alternatives for decisions?
Do you feel that you are doing something that has already been solved
by someone else before? (Googling your question does not help!)
Are there situations that a group effort in advocating a cause would
be much more effective?
Some questions to help you decide about belonging to a large, broadly-
involved organization or a smaller, more cutting edge, faster moving
Do you want to be elected, volunteer for and serve in a leadership
capacity? (chances are better in smaller org. or a local section)
How are you planning to continuously improve and update your
skills to be prepared for the future?
How will safety and common good be served best? Prevention
(like checklists) rather than band-aiding failing flow chart or procedures
BONUS: It is noteworthy to point out an organization that is
reinventing itself as it sees the changing landscape in publishing.
The way they are doing it is an example to point out.
One of the criteria for graduate degrees, promotions in academia,
and measures of scientific leadership is publication in peer
reviewed journals and chapters. In the Internet-age this has
undergone several changes that are not readily apparent but
should be more broadly known. There are a few elements to
this including the “google effect” [the more times a fact
shows up in searches, the more popular. See comment],
“New York Times effect” [if it is in the NYTimes, it is true.],
and scientific findings are “truth.” Several evolutions in peer
reviewed publications are revealed.
Politics is something that all organizations are susceptible
of and many people feel crushed by not being able to come
across and compete on an even and fair playing field. A couple of
links are offered to provide some background on causes and
what you might do.
Intuition is an unscientific ability that people with technical
training use but can be unconscious of its importance and
that your can train yourself to get better at. A good read
link might show you where the ‘intuition gas pedal’ is.
PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS
The technical literature aims to publish factual detail,
results and conclusions. A review of manuscripts by
peers knowledgeable in the field certify uniqueness, value
and worthiness. A recent WSJ editorial excoriates science
for mistakes and errors that were reported and found.
The op ed, by a person who seeks to gain from the notoriety,
misses what science can teach us. It, as a nice comment
to the online version reveals, teaches us the findings of
particular experiments. Peer review allows others to consider
the results and compare it with their knowledge. They may
even seek to repeat or discuss to clarify the results.
There are other distortions to the classical concept of
peer reviewed publications especially in the Internet age with
online publications. W. Arms brought many up in a Journal of
Electronic Publishing review. There is no easy answer as
one of his main claims is publishing in a “top flight” publication
with enhanced editorial review. “Cut and paste” journalism is
becoming acceptable. Consider the Jonah Lehrer affair.
In 2012 the New Yorker hired Jonah Lehrer a science reporter
with best selling publications in neuroscience. He was found to
“recycle” large amounts of his work and plagiarized other
sources in unacceptable ways.
Brian Tracy in “Create Your own Future” recommends:
assume personal responsibility; stop making excuses
be compassionate; avoid judging others
express kindness in thought, word and deed
build friendships, thinking of others
be gentle to others
In the Accelerators Blog M. Webb talks about
partnering with people known for strong relationships
with others. He also indicates the need to craft
agreements to meet each partner’s goals while
protecting and keeping confidential secrets.
The agreement needs to frame work, rewards and
Avoid partners with “sharp elbows” and who
optimize for their individual gain.
BONUS: Brian Tracy, “Create your own future: How to
master 12 critical factors of unlimited success”
John Wiley 2002.
There is much to like about this book. I especially benefited
from his section on using your “superconscious mind” to
build capabilities to size up new situations and recognize
patterns to make decisions. –> tool kit for Intuition.
Most scientists and engineers are trained and the belief is
passed on to avoid snappy sound bites. Most readers are
familiar with the “big bang theory”, not the sitcom, the
theory about the formation of the universe. In fact, most people
in the western world would be tuned into this phrase and its
meaning. Interestingly, though, it was first mentioned by
someone, Fred Hoyle, on BBC as a “poppycock idea”, for
he was a strong proponent of the competitor “steady state”
theory. “Big bang” is a brand.
In our Career Management seminar Friday, Marisha Godek
spoke lucidly about how, in her company and industry, she
realizes the importance of developing a rapport with colleagues
and customers whose training and expertise are much different
than hers. She also observed that being able to be a person
called on when there is a problem to solve or be invited to the
table when decisions are made calls on developing your personal
brand. It is sort of your colloquial “reputation”.
We see “branding” of science all over the place. Scientific
publication is fabulously being rebranded in various contexts
by free access to publicly funded research results, to online
communities that discuss results and interpretations and implications,
and about evolving publication models. In the last, note that
ACS now offers access to 25 articles without subscription, as
a temptation to inspire more journal subscriptions.
Stanford’s library did an excellent review of publication branding.
What Marisha was relating to is the importance, in corporate
and some institutional environments, of branding yourself. This
is not a subject area that most scientists and engineers are familiar.
In her case, she seeks out mentors in her business realm, senior
director levels and multidisciplinary leadership backgrounds.
Quintessential Careers, Katherine Hansen, has a strong
commentary on how to brand resumes and profiles
Skills + Personality + Market need = Branding statement
and provides a list of brand representations for various industrial and
organization job seekers, for example
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER, MANUFACTURING
Able to deliver industrial engineering insights, gained through strong
record of accomplishments to your firm in manufacturing engineering.
PHARMACEUTICAL SALES REPRESENTATIVE
Eager to strengthen the mission of patient focused pharmaceutical
Eager to contribute recent degree in Environmental Science and
strong applicable, hands-on testing and evaluation field experience
PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST, with a proven track record
in developing and bringing to market surgically relevant innovations.
We need to spread our information gathering “net” out wider
and deeper and even do some ‘Levy’ Flights [how animals of
prey search for food in a prey-starved environment] to find
information pertinent to your career.
Tom Friedman interviewed Jeff Weiner CEO of Linkedin
in our first link. He talks about new tools linkedin is
developing for managing your career. Also he points out
five attributes employers are looking for.
John Bogle, Rosebeth Moss Kantor and WSJ panel wrote
about important emerging trends in business, investment
and research on companies. We need to note that when we
go to work for a company we are “investing in that firm and
industry/” Thus, we should know quite a bit about it.
As a bonus, I share a recent book you might find useful for
setting goals, by Brian Tracy.
SOURCE: D. Madey, Linkedin blog “Linkedin’s vision for
an Economic Graph”.
I know you will find this interview of Jeff Weiner compelling
in that he talks about his vision where Linkedin is moving to
help you manage your career. He also indicates five attributes
employers now seek in new hires: business acumen, resiliency
in leadership (come back from defeats), get “stuff done”,
vision of where technology is moving and shifting, and good
fit with the business culture.
SOURCE: WSJ 7-8-14, P. R8. “Why global companies will
behave more and more alike“ R. Moss Kantor
Now more than 100 of the world’s largest 500 firms are
Chinese and the former US corporate models of governance
and proliferation are “shape-shifting” . She talks about “triple
bottom lines” of financial statement, requirements for the
environment and social reporting as represented by responsible
citizenship, carbon emissions and sustainability.
SOURCE: WSJ 7-8-14, P. R22. “The Incredibly Shrinking
Financial System“ John C. Bogle
Bogle suggests a bubble in the international financial system
and that the 300 largest institutional managers who own 2/3 of
US stocks and will seek to influence longer term investing.
His four points are worth detail study as they signal the direction
SOURCE: WSJ 7-7-14, P. R10. “How should Potential
Investors Evaluate a Top-performing fund?
What goes up, must eventually go down, in the market.
Things don’t last forever. Avoid chasing short term
performance and seek the “back story” of what is going on
in individual companies and wider industries.
BONUS Brian Tracy, Goals: How to get everything you
want– faster than you ever thought possible, BK, San Francisco
The book title is a promotional one, but what he has to say
is worth listening to and studying. There are some recent
google SEO findings that point out the negatives for setting
goals. Do not let that get in your way of giving serious thought
to Tracy’s ideas.
As is often said, the only constant is that things will change.
Several links to nonlinear Internet trends are offered in
Regarding Massive Open Online Courses–
who seems to benefit, what is happening in traditional
‘brick institutions’ and start up companies.
Regarding attempts to improve email efficiency,
Regarding the unintended effects on people’s posture
of our Internet based society.
Regarding where the cloud is moving next.
SOURCE: The Economist, 6-28-14, P. 20, “The digital degree“
MOOCs is upsetting previous models of higher education of
lectures, cramming and examination. As most technical areas
of study include texts, references, laboratories, computational
resources and sophisticated equipment, there is a gap. This is
despite the improved access the Internet provides.
This article gives an intriguing status, offering
- MOOCs are likely good for experienced, degreed professionals
who have goals and specific outcomes in mind
- ‘digital courses are intertwined with existing curricula…
half …at MIT take a MOOC as part of their course.’
- a second generation of MOOC, with a MOOC Masters in
computing parallel to an on-campus course at Georgia Tech.
- some MOOC companies are ‘pivoting’ their models, Udacity
- all is changing; it is far from the initial idea of John Newman’s
SOURCE: R. Feintzeig, WSJ 6-18-14, p. B7. “A company without
Email? Not so fast.“
Email usage continues to explode. It remains preferred and widely
used to collaborate. Yet, it is inefficient.
This article alerts to innovations to substitute some elements of
email and their early results.
SOURCE: J. Whalen, WSJ 6-24-14, P. D1. “Slouch at your own
Our body positions and posture are affected by sitting in front
of computers and hunching with smartphones in our hands.
These activities experts attribute give rise to a chronic
condition called Kyphosis, affecting back tightness that
many feel and even suggested a depression of mental
It feels that way sometimes, doesn’t it.
RESEARCH EXPERIMENTS VIA CLOUD RESOURCES
SOURCE: E. M. Rusli, WSJ, 7-1-14, P. B4. “Research
labs jump to cloud.”
There are some experiments that can be contracted, dialed
into into robot routines and analyzed with appropriate
outputs. This is an emerging trend, just as ’round the
clock’ experiments around the globe are used to accelerate
progress. A couple of start up companies at various
incubators are developing routines and cataloging what
is working and their associated business models, in a
way like SalesForce.com does for customer relations
BONUS: VIRTUAL UNREALITY
A new book by Charles Seife hits hard at all the places
that should be scrutinized in our world of virtual people
and devices, including SEOs, photo hoaxes, dating
scams, fake news reports, discrediting personalities,
and many others.
Performing detailed research, preparing meaningful stories
and developing engaging exercises are the focus of recent
efforts in organizing an article and preparing a future seminar.
These efforts offer an opportunity to study others’ amazing
work and see where important insights from one field can
be useful and merged into another field where there might
not be an immediate connection.
Enough set-up, let’s get to setting goals and maybe, equally
important, developing habits and learning about the concept of
SOURCE: S. J. Scott, “Habit Staking: 97 Small life changes...”
The author has a website and has suggested an incredible number
of mini-routines that just make sense to ordering and improving
our lives. ‘Habit stacking‘ involves formulating a checklist of these
mini-routines in a logical order where you complete positive
habits, without even a second thought, like jotting down key things
you want to say before you speak and allowing yourself personal
self-control to have eye contact with your audience, breathe and
pace your message for maximum impact and employ demonstrative
nonverbals for professional effect.
There are habit stacks for internet marketing,
wellness, fitness, careers, strengthening willpower.
See SJ’s 203 good habits.
One of his first is writing down personal goals…
WORD CHOICE IN COMMUNICATION
SOURCE: James W. Pennebaker, “The Secret Life of Pronouns:
What our words say about us,” Bloomsbery Press, NY, 2011
I was stunned reading that certain words you and I use don’t
carry a lot of meaning but connect the content of what we say
and reveal much of our thinking, what we pay attention to
and our relationship to the reader or listener. These words
are “function words”–pronouns, articles, prepositions,
auxiliary verbs (ie, is), negation (ie, not), conjunctions (ie, but)
quantifiers (ie, few) and common adverbs (ie, really).
What generated this field of study, that may have wider application,
is the use of software LIWC (Logical Inquiry and Word Count;
“luke”) that “google-izes” emails and text of documents and
speeches to assess the words the authors use and infer thinking
- 2d, 3d person personal pronouns- attention to other people
- past tense verbs- attention to past events
- 1st person personal pronouns- reveals self reflecting
It is more the higher frequency of use, rather than a single occurrence.
complex vs. simple: Complex thinking uses larger words, longer
sentences and complicated sentences involving “language markers”
for categorization. except, but, until, without, unless…
dynamic vs. categorical: Dynamical can be more abstract and
ever-changing principles. Categorical uses concrete nouns to
describe objects, events and particular people.
A traveler visited three major universities in the UK in
2013– King’s (London) College to see the image and
equipment of “photo 51“, Oxford University Genetic
Genealogy Department to explore genetic Y Chromosome
studies, and the “uni” at Edinburgh University.
It is something to consider for those spending some
time in the EU. The application process is arduous,
the rules and regulations are strictly adhered, but
the reimbursement can be worth the effort.
Things to consider:
- save the receipts for every expense, especially hotel
charges and ask for separate listing of VAT (VAT on
hotels is reimbursed expense)
- obtain the correct application form. In UK it was
Application for refund of VAT
- obtain a letter from IRS certifying US residency
Form 8802 from IRS ($85, in 2013; takes 2 months)
- must apply before Dec. 31 of the year of travel
- payment will only be in GBP sterling by wire, only
- required to set up an account that will allow wire
transfers from UK to US. Most banks and credit unions
do not do this. Fidelity Investments brokerage accounts
do handle this kind of transaction but it must be set up
in advance with specific information that needs to be
provided on your application for refund form:
1. Bank Account
2. IBAN (Int. Bank
A/c No. Europe Only)
4. SWIFT Code
5. STERLING GBP
6. Business Bank
7. Bank Name
8. Bank Address
For Credit to
For Final Credit to
One of the related professions scientists and engineers can make
a contribution in and a living is in the legal realm. There is a
guild-like restrictive ownership structure and admission requirements
that should be more widely known and perhaps challenged by free
An area that seems like it may have arrived due to nanotechnology
and new designs for manufacture is microscopy. The technology
has incredibly broad applications, especially when combined with
other discriminating technologies.
While it seems to be a common fact of existence in society to
“cope with stress” the accelerators (WSJ) covers some stress
signals and releasers that might be broadly beneficial.
A bonus segment on appropriate apparel this week is offered.
It might be viewed with controversy, as biased, or old-fashioned.
It does stand up to the test of time.
LEGAL EDUCATION REFORMS
SOURCE: The Economist, 2-2-13, p. 12, “Guilty as Charged“
In more detail in the comments, this link opens an area often
identified as an alternate career field. Cost, time and restrictive
structures limit entry, keep outsiders from challenging and
the free enterprise system from improving.
This link and many comments may offer a sanity check for
those interested in the realities of a legal profession after a
MICROSCOPE MADE WITH PAPER
SOURCES: The Economist, 6-7-14, p. 4 Technology
Quarterly, “Yours to cut out and keep“ M. Freebody,
Refreshing to see not only creative lateral thinking
to design a “foldscope” by Manu Prakhash, but also
applications to diagnose diseases, avoid milk-born
parasites by boiling, mites and fungi from infesting
beehives. Combining foldscope ideas with STED
Microscopy or fluorescence microscopy is not
STRESS SIGNALS AND RELEASERS
SOURCE: WSJ 6-19-14, p. B9, Coping with Highs,
Four things are highlighted in this short entry to reduce
stress– using a gym, having professional mentors,
sleep hygiene and remembering “why”. Why are
we devoting time, energy, resources to accomplish
a task or meet a goal?
Signs of stress: loss of empathy, building up anxiety
and stress of team, friends or family, ’short fuses.’
BONUS: Professional Etiquette
While a WSJ article on special programs at
consulting firms for influencing interns to learn and
dress appropriately for business and professional
situations, the University of Kansas slideshow appears
more helpful. It covers not only attire but also,
introductions and communications.
Assisting others and offering suggestions is a pleasant
experience especially when we get feedback that job
offers result. Recently, a half dozen people have asked
for ideas and information in their career management
After interviewing at three firms and attending many job
fairs, one person had to decide what to do with three
After working for three years in neurochemistry, another
post-doc had to decide whether to work at an exciting
start-up company or a subsidiary of a larger organization.
After interviewing for a small firm and for a post-doc in
a different field, a third person asked if there were other
things to consider.
(2) Don’t be dismayed by not immediately getting
interviews, or if getting interviews, not receiving offers.
Refashion your goals; refashion your approach;
ask for help.
Think about nontraditional ways to use your skills.
(4) The interview is not over after the meeting and you
have sent your thank you notes. There is much more that
needs to be done well. Consider the ‘After section’
in the interviewing continuum… and
Steps in accepting an offer (5:07 point in video )
(5) Your first position after your degree and or post-doc
will last an unknown length of time. Then you will need to
find your next position. It might be wise to not wait and
start your career management process earlier.
(6) Your job search should continue even after you
receive your first job offer. Follow through with the
process at other places you have made efforts at.
Consult with mentors on how to respond professionally.
Three activities inspire the links provided in this
contribution. The first activity involves planning
a future workshop on goal-setting for graduate students.
While we have mentioned the first step in interviewing
is a personal self assessment, a DP provides an
elaboration of this. Several universities encourage
their graduate students to develop personal development
plans DP and career goals as part of their graduate
Investment and withdrawal strategies in retirement
have rules of thumb. An interesting feature is that
each so-called rule is based on a series of assumptions.
A link provides discussion on the assumptions.
A third topic, based on a recent book, provides a link to
some rational analysis of what the future may lay in
store for us. The writing and perspectives are clear and
GRADUATE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT PLAN
SOURCE: University of Minnesota publication
What will you do with your graduate degree and
experiences? What other things should you be doing
to grow professionally?
Several organizations, like FASEB, provide a tool
for post-docs to express career goals and what
is needed to achieve them. Many features are included
in this U-MN planning tool. Also, this document gives
an updated outline and template for completing
this process earlier while in graduate school.
SOURCE: A. Coombes, WSJ 6-3-14, R5
“The Most Valuable Asset to Leave to your Heirs”
Coombes has written that seniors feel is passing
on the “family story” to younger generations. Not
Some will want to leave money. The author provides
some discussion about the assumptions considered
in retirement savings withdrawal plans. It fills an
information gap for the simple rules of thumb that are
commonly offered, like ‘4% of your savings per year’
and ‘defer taking social security’.
PHYSICS OF THE FUTURE
SOURCE: M. Kaku, “The Physics of the Future” Anchor
Insightful writing capturing the integration of 300
mentors into a coherent picture of the strong influence of
physics on civilization and forecasts of what our world will
be like in 90 years, in 30 years, in 10 years.
He writes that humans’ sense of pattern recognition and
practical ‘common sense’ are our strengths to continue
to imbue. Yet, our “caveman” outlook generally restricts
our adoption of novel technologies.
The next cycle of advances he predicts will be based on
advances in artificial intelligence, nanotechnology,
telecommunication and biotechnology.
As we know today career management is less about
tactics and cleverness for short term gains and more
defining your values and pursuing longer term meaning
while understanding you will evolve (and shift/change).
Job searching is an activity in career management
that with the Internet has evolved into a marketing
activity with its proverbial “push and pull” mechanisms.
A place of importance is Linkedin and we provide
an appropriate link to two articles about profiles there.
Another trend in job searching from colleges is
moving career services to their alumni centers.
Recovering your cell phone when lost (or stolen) is
pointed out. While many know about it, perhaps it
is time to do something about it…
Just like your linkedin profile and figuring out what
you want to do.
DECISIONS WHEN BEING DOWNSIZED
SOURCE: A. Sklover, “Lower job, severance or
Unemployment Comp.” Sklover Working Wisdom
Whether we like it or not, downsizing and its
consequences are a fact of life for most. Al Sklover
offers compelling thoughts and tools for dealing
with wrenching issues in his blog column. His
discussion and tools offer value.
ONLINE MARKETING WITH LINKEDIN
SOURCE: L. Garver, Career Hub Blog, Part 2
We highlighted Louise’s first part and feel part
2 might be compelling reading for some.
-finding articles that others may benefit from and
sharing it in Linkedin without expecting anything
in return is valued.
-Sending alerts about meetings and talks that you
attend is useful.
-Use alumni tools, from your education, previous
employment and volunteer work to explore valued
-Explore connections who might shed light on
what it is really like at a firm or industry or in a
-Be up-to-date and consistent.
STUDENT SERVICES USING ALUMNI
SOURCE: M. Korn, WSJ 5-28-14, P. D3
Job Search meets fundraising.
A twist that might mean allowing students to
imagine what it is like in a new position can
happen when career services moves into the
alumni fundraising office. Some call it
Student advancement and suggest that is
reveals how the school intends to be accountable
for what is happening after graduation.
STOLEN CELL PHONES
SOURCE: G A Fowler, WSJ 5-29-14, D1
“...to catch a thief…“
Handy apps can be used to re-capture lost
cellular tools. The article points out other
things that can be done and mentions cautions
in pursuing your lost device.
BONUS: W. McRaven, WSJ Commencement
Despite our daily pressures, realize it or not we are
working for our family’s benefit and our later years.
One finding reviews tools to forecast and predict
what retirement might be for each of us.
Another finding talks about how states are dealing with
recent patent law changes and the evolution of patent
For those in important decision making positions
and who aspire to them, we report on factors that
affect decision making.
A bonus reference about manners is added at the end.
SOURCE: L. Moyer, WSJ 5-24-14, B7-B9, “Calculating
There are so many variables for calculating estimates
of whether you are on track and when you should
retire. Add to that the uncertainty of all the assumptions
that should be considered. Moyer reports on at least
8 on-line calculators and offers suggestions on SS
income, current and predicted savings and expenses,
life expectancy, inflation and rates of return.
At some point all of us will be doing this. This is
a worthwhile reference point.
SOURCE: R. Simon and A. Loten, WSJ 5-22-14, B6.
” States revise laws to curb patent trolls“
Recognizing the US Senate is not dealing effectively
with legal maneuvers of entities affecting use of
ATMs, email tools on fax machines and many others,
states are addressing perceived abuses of demand
letters from companies whose core is licensing and
EXECUTIVE BRAIN DECISION MAKING
SOURCE: A. Blackman, WSJ and Advisory.com
4-28-14, R1,R2 “Executive Brain“ 2
Deadlines and pressure limit thinking processes.
Finding resources to promote focus and relaxation
release our brain’s emotional centers to make better
decisions, the author writes. Uncertainty exaggerates
and restricts thinking.activity.
An adjacent article offers lightening the workload
is a worthwhile behavioral adjustment. [A Dizik]
BONUS: Mary Mitchell, “Modern Manners“
Contains thoughtful reminders and thinking behind the
action to help us behave and act professionally.
We have a changing world, mostly out of our control.
Recently we can find airline prices for one part of a
merged airline be different than that offered from a
second part, although they are the same seat on the
David Brooks spoke about a dialog individuals might
be having with themselves later in life, mostly, that
shines a light on perspectives of life.
Finally Sarah Lewis speaks about success in a different
vein where striving for personal mastery and why we might
do a blog like this.
SOURCE: S. McCartney, WSJ 5-15-14, Airline Riddles:
the story behind price gaps on flights shared by American
and US Airways,…
While most of us know that airline seat prices for flights
can change from one moment to another based on
market and availability, this article addresses another
interesting phenomenon about the same seat being
sold at different prices by different parts of a merged
airline. One suggestion in the comments is to use Expedia
to explore reservations.
Interesting reading for cost conscious travelers.
RESUME SUCCESS vs EULOGY VALUES
SOURCE: D. Brooks, TED Talk: Should you live by your
resume or your eulogy; 3-14
Modern society features a view, Brooks opines, that favors
cleverness and being a cold calculating person for advantage.
When a different view might be taken to earn the life well
lived. You go into yourself examining your weaknesses and
wrestle with what you wish to be.
Brooks often writes thoughtfully about thoughts, actions
SOURCE: S. Lewis, TED “Embrace the near win“
Carefully articulate story telling about archers gaining
mastery over an art over time with patience, diligence and
grit. It is different than the accomplishment of the moment,
Lewis hits the nail on the head for what professionals seek.
Kudos to Jean Cummings on a nice post updating her
Resumes are confusing sometimes in the sense that some
reviewers wish one page only and others look for a detailed
chronological flow. Some writers find it hard to figure out
what not to include if we have been doing work in several
areas or several projects.
As Jean and others have pointed out, many Internet submissions
use Applicant Tracking Systems ATS to match to keywords
and also explore your online presence. The keywords will be
examined as they are in an accomplishment context. (i.e., not
“just listing” keywords, as might have been done earlier.)
- Please consider refraining from using Word tables, graphs, headers
footers, etc. as they don’t always translate in an upload.
- Jean and others suggest saving as .doc and .txt and uploading the
latter to save format arrangement for easy reading. (If the instructions
specify .pdf or .doc it is wise to use the specified format.)
- Jean suggests using ’simple form bullets’ rather than stylized ones.
- ATS scanners recognize standard headings and not novel ones
- Jean recommends not using full formal address unless restricted
to a geographical area. We agree on listing Internet profile addresses
- Jean points out using a job description in the experience section
where keywords can be inserted. It might be that accomplishments
can provide the point of inclusion in technical resumes, detailing
the technical skill provided in the Highlights or Qualifications section.
- Abbreviations or acronyms seem to be part of technical resumes.
The first time one is used the full text name should be given along
with the shortened version.
- Consider including separate documents for depth of :
papers, patents and presentations
management summary and
other items Don Straits lists in his resume suggestions.
keeps the “resume” shorter and readable and allows us to
expand on related items. Keep the summary brief.
Of course Internet profiles will do a similar task in providing
breadth and currency of activities.
Bottom line: Look for the main substance of contention
and explore positive ways to make the comments or
criticism improve your future performance and actions.
In previous posts, we mentioned “tee-ups” as a verbal “tic”
to be alert to when a person wants to harm you or your
reputation. MindTools blog offers some tactics to defuse
the situation and make a creative outcome.
We can always do things in better ways, or address
weaknesses or mis-perceptions whether intended or
taken out of context.
Mindtools indicates remaining calm and displaying
respect and attention to detail is first. Expressing
things in your own words and confirming intention or
Offer an openness to other positions, sometimes it can
be useful to summarize and state a forward-seeking follow
up action. Where do we go from here?
Mindtools emphasis on maintaining confidence, offering
that your awareness of this can make you more effective.
Many times criticisms will be from third persons and you will
not be able to address them directly. Nonetheless, remaining
calm in the face of words of criticism makes the critic even
more full of contempt. It may mean to you that no clear
logical resolution is possible and you should move on.